The Bartholin's glands are located symmetrically at the posterior region of the vaginal opening and play an important role in the female reproductive system. These two pea-sized glands are involved in mucus secretion and vaginal lubrication. Cyst formation in the glands is common and results from mucus build-up in gland ducts. It is important to monitor such cysts because they may occur in the form of carcinomas.
What is a Bartholin's cyst?
Bartholin's Gland Cyst | Definition and Patient Education
Vaginal bumps and lumps are common, especially during your childbearing years or as you age. Keep reading to learn more about the causes for changes to your skin in this area and when you should see a doctor. The vagina is a muscular tube that leads to your cervix , which is the opening to your uterus. The top layer of tissue in your vagina is mucous membrane, similar to tissue in your mouth or nose. The bumps and ridges on the surface of your vagina are called rugae, which are like folds or pleats of extra tissue when your vagina is relaxed.
Guide to Vaginal Lumps and Bumps
They secrete vaginal lubricating fluid. The fluid helps protect vaginal tissue during sexual intercourse. They usually grow slowly.