The reading of facial expressions may not be universal. This is the conclusion of researchers from Glasgow University in Scotland. They report that people from different cultures read facial expressions differently. In particular, they said there were big differences between the way Westerners and East Asians interpret facial expressions. Researcher Rachael Jack said: ''We show that Easterners and Westerners look at different face features to read facial expressions.
Words for Facial Expressions
A facial expression  is one or more motions or positions of the muscles beneath the skin of the face. According to one set of controversial theories, these movements convey the emotional state of an individual to observers. Facial expressions are a form of nonverbal communication. They are a primary means of conveying social information between humans , but they also occur in most other mammals and some other animal species. Humans can adopt a facial expression voluntarily or involuntarily, and the neural mechanisms responsible for controlling the expression differ in each case.
100 Words for Facial Expressions
Research by scientists from the Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology at the University of Glasgow has challenged the traditional view that there are six basic emotions expressed and recognised across different cultures — happiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise and disgust. Their work which has received much media attention, not only suggests there are four basic emotions, but that the way these facial signals are interpreted differs across cultures. This study by the Glasgow team, and the resulting Generative Facial Grammar, offers possibilities for tools to be developed to aid cross-cultural empathy and understanding.
Face it — sometimes you must give your readers a countenance-based clue about what a character or a subject is feeling. First try conveying emotions indirectly or through dialogue, but if you must fall back on a descriptive term, try for precision:. Absent : preoccupied 2.