The data underlying the quantitative synthesis are provided as Supporting Information. The data underlying the qualitative synthesis exist within the underlying publications, which are referenced in the paper. Sex workers are at disproportionate risk of violence and sexual and emotional ill health, harms that have been linked to the criminalisation of sex work. We searched bibliographic databases between 1 January and 9 May for qualitative and quantitative research involving sex workers of all genders and terms relating to legislation, police, and health. We operationalised categories of lawful and unlawful police repression of sex workers or their clients, including criminal and administrative penalties. We included quantitative studies that measured associations between policing and outcomes of violence, health, and access to services, and qualitative studies that explored related pathways.
Making space for sex work: female street prostitution and the production of urban space
Sex work - Wikipedia
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Street prostitution is a form of sex work in which a sex worker solicits customers from a public place, most commonly a street, while waiting at street corners or walking alongside a street, but also other public places such as parks, benches, etc. The street prostitute is often dressed in a provocative manner. The sex act may be performed in the customer's car or in a nearby secluded street location, or at the prostitute's residence or in a rented motel room. Street prostitution is often illegal, even in jurisdictions that allow other forms of prostitution. It is estimated that only percent of sex workers are working in the streets; however, it is also estimated that 90 percent of the arrests of prostitutes are of street workers.
Sex work is "the exchange of sexual services , performances, or products for material compensation. Furthermore, some prefer the use of the term because it seemingly grants more agency to the sellers of these services. Because of the agency associated with the term, "sex work" generally refers to voluntary sexual transactions; thus the term does not refer to human trafficking and other coerced or nonconsensual sexual transactions. Furthermore, the vast majority of academic literature on sex work focuses on prostitution , and to a lesser extent, exotic dancing ; there is little research on other forms of sex work.